Victories At Binakayan And Dalahican!

From tomorrow, Thursday, November 9, until Saturday, November 11, we mark the 121st anniversaries of the 1896 twin Battles of Binakayan and Dalahican in Cavite.

Since the “Cry of Balintawak or Pugad Lawin” in late August, the Katipunan, under its Supremo, Andres Bonifacio, had not been successful in battle. He was defeated at Pinaglabanan, San Juan del Monte on August 30, 1896. That is why, he and his rebel troops eventually ended up in Cavite. Binakayan was in Kawit, the hometown of Emilio Aguinaldo. Dalahican was in Noveleta, the hometown of Mariano Alvarez.

There were two factions in Cavite, the Magdalo Council based in Imus under Baldomero Aguinaldo and the Magdiwang Council based in Noveleta, under Mariano Alvarez.

The Supremo, Andres Bonfacio, was invited to Imus to mediate between the two factions. He was perceived as partial in favor of the Magdiwang.


Short-Lived Republic

Eventually, Aguinaldo defeated Bonifacio for President in the Tejeros Convention on March 22, 1897. 

The Bonifacios did not accept the results of the election and this led to the two Bonifacio brothers being killed (Andres and Procopio were executed on May 10, 1897 at Maragondon.) This left Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo as the undisputed leader of the Revolution.

General Aguinaldo’s victory at Binakayan was more spectacular than General Santiago (son of Mariano) Alvarez’s victory at Dalahican. It increased his and the Magdalo’s leverage over other rivals and the Magdiwang faction. It determined the future of the leadership of the Philippine Revolution.

After the death of Bonifacio, the Spanish were more successful in recapturing most of Cavite.

When he felt cornered in Talisay, Aguinaldo transferred to Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel, Bulacan. There, he established the Biak-na-Bato Republic on November 1, 1897, replacing the Tejeros Government. However, it was short lived.

On December 14, 1897, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato was signed. Its leaders went into exile in Hong Kong.


Swept Under The Rug

Except for the Balangiga Massacre of September 28, 1901, our victories are not well known.

We celebrate our defeats more than our victories. Thus, from the Philippine Revolution, we have the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, the Battle of Tirad Pass and the capture of Aguinaldo in Palanan, Isabela.

From the American conquest and pacification of Mindanao and Sulu, we don’t recall the Moro victories. However, we know of the March 5 – 8, 1906 Massacre of Mt. Bud dajo, near Jolo in Sulu.

Our habit and practice continued into World War II. Thus, we commemorate the Fall of Bataan and Corregidor on April 9 and May 6.

During his 20- year (December 30, 1965 to Februarry 25, 1986) reign, President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos tried to popularize the Battle of Bessang Pass (June 14, 1945). However, after his fall, things identified with him were swept under the rug and forgotten.

Except for the very short Estrada Administration (June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001), the period from June 30, 1992 until June 30, 2016, was dominated by administrations that owed their assent to the presidency to Ninoy and Cory Aquino.

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Wednesday, 21 February 2018
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